James gerber international economics pdf

Further documentation is available here. This paper evaluates a series of programs run by a company called OPOWER to send Home Energy James gerber international economics pdf letters to residential utility customers comparing their electricity use to that of their neighbors. Using data from randomized natural field experiments at 600,000 treatment and control households across the United States, I estimate that the average program reduces energy consumption by 2.

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Perhaps because the treatment included descriptive social norms, effects are heterogeneous: households in the highest decile of pre-treatment consumption decrease usage by 6. This paper evaluates effects of mailing social comparisons to residential energy users. The average program reduces energy consumption by 2. Cost effectiveness compares favorably to traditional energy conservation programs. Heterogeneous treatment effects, and highest users decrease usage by 6. RD shows that injunctive norm categorizations had insignificantly different effects.

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