Agriculture as a tool for poverty reduction pdf

Agriculture as a tool for poverty reduction pdf Strategy for Poverty Reduction. In this paper we aim to make a short analysis of the indicators specific to the labour market in order to highlight the main gaps between Romania and European Union. Overcoming the existent dysfunctions on the Romanian market depends on a new vision and management of the labour market, able to re-launch and support the human resource employment.

Thus, it is necessary to implement some strategic policies that shall lead to the increase in employment from a quantitative, structural and qualitative point of view, and to the reduction of the poverty existing on the labour market implicitly, but also in general. Our purpose is to highlight the main active measures for the employment growth in Romania, focusing on continuing vocational training, as an active measure that we consider of major importance for the increase in employment and the reduction of in-work at-risk-of-poverty rate. 2012 Published by Elsevier Ltd. The literature on financial development and growth has received a lot of attention over the past two decades. Unlike growth, not much of consideration has been given to poverty reduction.

Moreover, most of the past studies focus on bank and stock market development. MFIs can play in a countrywide economy. In this study, we consider to what extent banks and MFIs reduce poverty. Using credit to GDP as the main financial development indicator, the results indicate that banks reduce poverty when poverty is measured by the headcount ratio and poverty gap. As for the squared poverty gap, there is no significant effect of banks.

On the other hand, MFIs do not appear to have any impact on poverty regardless of the measure of poverty employed. These results imply that while banks have some ability to reduce poverty, MFIs do not, at least at the aggregate level. Our results are robust to the use of assets to GDP as an alternative measure of financial development. Peer review under responsibility of Africagrowth Institute.

Production and hosting by Elsevier B. Changes must be reviewed before being displayed on this page. Maler der Grabkammer des Sennudem 001. Over one third of the world’s workers are employed in agriculture, second only to the service sector, although the percentages of agricultural workers in developed countries has decreased significantly over the past several centuries. To practice agriculture means to use natural resources to “produce commodities which maintain life, including food, fiber, forest products, horticultural crops, and their related services.